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Framework based on external costing and life cycle analyses

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Executive summary

Urban construction projects are essential in reducing the housing deficit of the latest urbanization trend (UN, 2015 & 2018). As such, construction projects contribute to more attractive, sustainable and economically viable urban areas once they are finished. However, construction work and construction material flow activities cause severe negative impacts on the surrounding community during the construction process. The MIMIC project focuses on the social, economic and environmental sustainability problems that arise from urban construction, and especially the logistics activities too, from, around and on urban construction sites.

This deliverable is part of Work Package 2 of the MIMIC project (Minimizing impact of construction material flows in cities: Innovative Co-Creation), a JPI Europe-funded research project with demonstration cases in Brussels, Vienna, Oslo and Sweden. The objective of WP2 is an integration of state-of-the-art impact assessment methods in a practical and easy-to-use framework to assess the sustainability effects of on and off-site construction logistics and assessment of impacts. Based on current knowledge of sustainability impacts of logistics operations, construction management and existing calculation tools, a framework will be set up to monitor and quantify the off-site and on-site economic, social and environmental impact of construction logistics scenarios including major externalities (accidents, air pollution, climate change, infrastructure, congestion and noise) compared to 'business-as-usual'. Deliverable 2.1 introduces the methodologies that will be used to assess the impact of on-site and off-site construction logistics

In order to cover the impact of both on-site and off-site construction logistics, the assessment framework will combine two distinct methodologies: External Cost Calculations and Life Cycle Assessment. This deliverable presents each methodology in detail, highlighting the scope, the system boundaries, their logistics activities and their data collection plan. Finally, a first building stone will be laid towards expected outcomes, the feedback loop in developing the impact assessment framework, and how both methodologies will be brought together within the framework for the final deliverable by the end of the project.

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The aim of this report (D2.1 Evaluation of the application of impact assessment framework of construction logistics) is to further develop the impact assessment framework presented under D2.1 and adapt the framework within the implementation demonstration pilots using real world data. 2 After this introduction chapter, Chapter 2 gives an overview of impact assessment framework and the LCA and ECC methods. Chapter 3 presents LCA and ECC methods’ implementation using demonstration pilots from Oslo and Brussels, respectively. Chapter 4 presents the link between impact assessment framework and Smart Governance Concept 2.0 and limitations and approaches for further work on the impact assessment framework.

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Improved impact assessments towards emission-free construction logistics

In order to overcome barriers and set ambitious environmental requirements, which will enable to implement emission free construction logistics solutions, off-site and on-site construction logistics activities have to become smarter, more efficient and sustainable. In the MIMIC project a report has been conducted aiming to develop the impact assessment framework for construction logistics.

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MIMIC – Aiming for sustainble construction logistics

MIMIC worked with stakeholder dialogue, logistics optimization and Smart governance to facilitate and support logistics to, from and on urban construction sites to improve mobility and reduce...